Connective tissue (CT) is a kind of animal tissue that supports, connects, or separates different types of tissues and organs of the body. It is one of the four general classes of animal tissues found everywhere in the body except the central nervous system, and support all part of the body and also control body’s growth and development.
Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder which most often affects the connective tissues in heart, lungs, muscles and covering of spinal cord.
Most people who have Marfan syndrome inherit it from their parents. If you have Marfan syndrome, you have a 50% chance of passing the altered gene to each of your children.
In about 1 in 4 cases, the mutation that causes Marfan syndrome is not inherited. Thus, the affected person is the first in his or her family to have the condition.
Marfan syndrome often affects the long bones of the body. This can lead to signs, or traits, such as:
Marfan syndrome traits vary from person to person, even in the same family. Some people who have the condition have many traits, while others have few.
The most serious complications of Marfan syndrome involve the heart and blood vessels. Marfan syndrome can affect the aorta, the main blood vessel that supplies oxygen-rich blood to the body. In Marfan syndrome, the aorta can stretch and grow weak. This condition is called aortic dilation.
If the aorta stretches and grows weak, it may tear or burst and leak blood. This condition is called aortic dissection. It’s very serious and can lead to severe heart problems or even death.
Marfan syndrome has no cure, but treatments can help delay or prevent complications. Treatments include medicines, surgery, and other therapies. Limiting certain activities, or changing how you do them, may help reduce the risks to the aorta, eyes, and joints.
The type of treatment you receive depends on how the condition is affecting your body.
About 1 out of every 5,000 people in the United States has Marfan syndrome. Men, women, children, and people of all races can have the condition.
Advances have been made in the early diagnosis and treatment of Marfan syndrome. It’s now possible for people who have the condition to live longer and enjoy a good quality of life. Many people who have Marfan syndrome and are properly diagnosed and treated may live an average lifespan.
For a live example of Morfan Syndrome, please see pinkjooz article (in Technology section) – “Tal Golesworthy Mends His Malfunctioning Heart”.